lunedì 20 agosto 2012

Italian Adjectives

The adjectives (gli aggettivi) are words used to describe or modify a noun. In Italian adjectives agree in gender and number with the nouns to which they refer.
So if a noun is masculine the adjective must be masculine, as well. The gender of an adjective, like that of a noun, is determined by its ending. An adjective ending in -o is masculine while an adjective ending in –a is feminine. There are also a number of adjectives that end with –e that have the same form for masculine and feminine.

Maschile
Femminile
alto
alta
grande
grande

Here are some examples:
Un ragazzo alto. (a tall boy)  
Una ragazza alta. (a tall girl)

Un tavolo grande. (a big table)
Una stanza grande. (a big room)


Adjectives agree also in number. A plural noun require a plural adjective. To make the plural of an adjective is sufficient to change the ending. Masculine adjectives ending in –o in the plural form will change this vowel in –i. Feminine adjectives, instead, will change the final vowel –a in –e. Adjectives ending in –e form the plural in –i either if they are masculine or feminine.

Singolare
Plurale
famoso
famosi
famosa
famose
elegante
eleganti

Here are some examples:
Il cantante famoso. (the famous singer)
I cantanti famosi. (the famous singers)

La cantante famosa. (the famous singer)
Le cantanti famose. (the famous singers)

Il signore elegante. (the elegant man)
I signori eleganti. (the elegant men)

La signora elegante. (the elegant woman)
Le signore eleganti. (the elegant women)



GLI AGGETTIVI IN –CO/-CA E –GO/-GHI

Similarly to nouns, masculine adjectives ending in –co in the plural form end in –chi if they have an accent on the penultimate syllable, in –ci if the accent is on the third last syllable.
Feminine adjective ending in –ca in the plural form end always in –che.

Masculine adjective ending in –go make the plural in –ghi while feminine adjectives ending in –ga make the plural in –ghe.     

Singolare maschile
Plurale maschile
Singolare Femminile
Plurale femminile
antico
antichi
antica
antiche
pratico
pratici
pratica
pratiche
largo
larghi
larga
larghe


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